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Organized Crime

Organized crime threatens peace and human security, violates human rights and undermines economic, social, cultural, political and civil development of societies around the world.

Transnational organized crime transcends cultural, social, linguistic and geographical borders and must be met with a concerted response.

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Key Documents

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime. It opened for signature by Member States at a High-level Political Conference convened for that purpose in Palermo, Italy, on 12-15 December 2000 and entered into force on 29 September 2003.

For General Assembly Resolution A/RES/55/ 25, adopting the Convention, see  عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español

For General Assembly Resolution A/RES/55/255, adopting the three Protocols to the Convention, see عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español

UNODC Legal Tools

  • Sharing Electronic Resources and Laws On Crime (SHERLOC)  
      
    SHERLOC is a knowledge management portal developed by the UNODC to facilitate the dissemination of information regarding the implementation of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its three Protocols. It consists of a Database of Legislation, a Case Law Database and the Directory of Competent National Authorities.
  • Model Laws and Treaties
    UNODC's model laws were elaborated as tools of technical assistance, to assist governments translate their obligations under international treaties into national legislative provisions.
  • More Legal Tools  
      

Working Groups

Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto was established to improve the capacity of States Parties to combat transnational organized crime and to promote and review the implementation of this Convention.

Transnational Organized Crime Campaign

Each year, transnational organized crime generates an estimated $870 billion, threatening peace and human security, leading to human rights being violated and undermining economic, social, cultural and political development of societies around the world.

 

Books

Cover Art
Cybercrime, Organized Crime, and Societal Responses - Emilio C. Viano (Editor)
Call Number: 343.9.02 V536
ISBN: 9783319444994
Publication Date: 2016-12-16
This timely book provides contributions on international, comparative crime phenomena: gangs, trafficking, fear of crime, and crime prevention. It highlights contributions originally prepared for the XVII World Congress of Criminology and for the 2015 Cybercrime Conference in O#65533;ati, Spain which have been selected, reviewed, and adapted for inclusion in this volume. The work features international contributors sharing the latest research and approaches from a variety of global regions. The first part examines the impact of gangs on criminal activities and violence. The second part explores illegal trafficking of people, drugs, and other illicit goods as a global phenomenon, aided by the ease of international travel, funds transfer, and communication. Finally, international approaches to crime detection prevention are presented.

Cover Art
Hidden Power - James Cockayne
Call Number: 343.9.02 C635
ISBN: 9780190627331
Publication Date: 2016-10-01
What should we make of the outsized role organized crime plays in conflict and crisis, from drug wars in Mexico to human smuggling in North Africa, from the struggle in Crimea to scandals in Kabul? How can we deal with the convergence of politics and crime in so-called "mafia states" such asGuinea-Bissau, North Korea or, as some argue, Russia? Drawing on unpublished government documents and mafia memoirs, James Cockayne discovers the strategic logic of organized crime, hidden in a century of forgotten political-criminal collaboration in New York, Sicily and the Caribbean. He reveals states and mafias competing - and collaborating - in acompetition for governmental power.

Cover Art
International Law and Transnational Organized Crime - Pierre Hauck (Editor); Sven Peterke (Editor)
Call Number: 343.9 I617 [16-09-2300051076]
ISBN: 9780198733737
Publication Date: 2016-09-07
Since the end of the Cold War, states have become increasingly engaged in the suppression of transnational organized crime. The existence of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols demonstrates the necessity to comprehend this subject in a systematic way.Synthesizing the various sources of law that form this area of growing academic and practical importance, International Law and Transnational Organized Crime provides readers with a thorough understanding of the key concepts and legal instruments in international law governing transnationalorganized crime. The volume analyses transnational organized crime in consideration of the most relevant subareas of international law, such as international human rights and the law of armed conflict. Written by internationally recognized scholars in international and criminal law as well as respected high-levelpractitioners, this book is a useful tool for lawyers, public agents, and academics seeking straightforward and comprehensive access to a complex and significant topic.

Cover Art
Routledge International Handbook of the Crimes of the Powerful - Gregg Barak (Editor)
Call Number: 343.352 R68 [9855]
ISBN: 9780415741262
Publication Date: 2015-06-24
Across the world, most people are well aware of ordinary criminal harms to person and property. Often committed by the powerless and poor, these individualized crimes are catalogued in the statistics collected annually by the FBI and by similar agencies in other developed nations. In contrast, the more harmful and systemic forms of injury to person and property committed by powerful and wealthy individuals, groups, and national states are neither calculated by governmental agencies nor annually reported by the mass media. As a result, most citizens of the world are unaware of the routinized "crimes of the powerful", even though they are more likely to experience harms and injuries from these types of organized offenses than they are from the atomized offenses of the powerless. Research on the crimes of the powerful brings together several areas of criminological focus, involving organizational and institutional networks of powerful people that commit crimes against workers, marketplaces, taxpayers and the;political systems, as well as acts of torture, terrorism, and genocide. This international handbook offers a comprehensive, authoritative and structural synthesis of these interrelated topics of criminological concern. It also explains why the crimes of the powerful are so difficult to control.

Cover Art
Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today - Bruce M. Bagley (Editor); Jonathan Rosen (Editor)
Call Number: 343.575(7+8) D78 [9797]
ISBN: 9780813060682
Publication Date: 2015-06-23
In 1971, Richard Nixon declared a war on drugs. Despite foreign policy efforts and attempts to combat supply lines, the United States has been for decades, and remains today, the largest single consumer market for illicit drugs on the planet. In this volume, Bruce Bagley and Jonathan Rosen illustrate that the war on drugs has been ineffective at best and, at worst, has been highly detrimental to countries throughout the region. They present a clear picture of drug trafficking and its role in organized crime while discussing the major trends of the war on drugs in the twentyfirst century, as well as its future. With this comprehensive overview, Bagley and Rosen develop a framework for understanding the limits and liabilities in the U.S.-championed war on drugs throughout the Americas.

Cover Art
The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime - Letizia Paoli (Editor)
Call Number: 343.9.02 P365 [16-11-2300057526]
ISBN: 9780199730445
Publication Date: 2014-10-24
The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime provides an informed, authoritative, and comprehensive overview of current knowledge about the nature and effects of the principal forms of organized crime, as well as the type and effectiveness of efforts to prevent and control them. Reflecting the transnational dimensions of criminal organizations and their activities, and the growing role of international organizations reacting to organized crime, The Handbook takes a global perspective with first-rate contributions from around the world covering the main regions and countriesin which organized crime activity is at its greatest.

Journals

  • Crime, Law and Social Change  Icon
    Crime, Law and Social Change is a peer reviewed journal. It publishes essays and reviews on topics such as financial crime, political corruption, and environmental crime.
  • Forum on Crime and Society  
      
      Icon
    Forum on Crime and Society is a United Nations sales publication issued by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, based in Vienna. It is published twice yearly in the six official languages of the United Nations: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
  • Journal of Financial Crime  Icon
    The Journal of Financial Crime is a quarterly issued journal. It covers topics such as specialised anti-corruption investigations, identity fraud, and cyber-crime: prevention and detection.
  • Trends in Organized Crime  Icon
    Trends in Organized Crime presents a composite of analyses and syntheses of research on organized crime, drawn from a variety of sources. It publishes peer-reviewed, original research articles and excerpts from significant governmental reports. The contents also include reviews of important new books and presents analysis and commentary on current issues in organized crime.
 

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Disclaimer

This guide is intended to provide delegates and UN Secretariat Staff with selected content from both UN and non-UN sources on the topic. It references third-party web sites, books and articles. It does not imply the endorsement of the content by the United Nations.

 

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