United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Maritime Crime Programme (MCP)
Maritime crime poses a serious threat to the safety of seafarers, international trade and regional stability. It includes not only criminal activity directed at vessels or maritime structures, but also the use of the high seas to perpetrate transnational organized crimes such as smuggling of persons or illicit substances. These forms of maritime crime can have devastating human consequences.
United Nations Documents on Piracy
Maritime Crime Programme: Divisions
The Indian Ocean Division of the UNODC Maritime Crime Programme assists states in the Indian Ocean region to enhance and coordinate their efforts to combat maritime crime, with a focus on criminal justice capacity building.
The waters off the Horn of Africa offer great opportunity for sustainable, Somali-driven employment and development. However, after decades of conflict and instability, these waters have become a haven for piracy and armed robbery at sea, illegal fishing, human trafficking and the smuggling of charcoal, illicit substances, weapons and migrants.
In 2014 the Maritime Crime Programme expanded its work beyond the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean to address maritime crime challenges in West Africa, specifically in the Gulf of Guinea region.
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