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HIV and AIDS  

Last Updated: Feb 22, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts
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UNODC adressing HIV and AIDS

UNODC is a global leader in the struggle against illicit drugs and transnational organized crime. It is committed to achieving health, security and justice for all by tackling such global threats, and by delivering legal and technical assistance to prevent terrorism. As a Cosponsor of the United Nations Joint Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS), UNODC is the convening agency for addressing HIV prevention, treatment, care and support among: people who use drugs and people living and working in prison settings.

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Critical Enablers

These are activities that UNODC considers critical in supporting the effectiveness and efficiency of its basic HIV programme activities. To learn more, please open the links below:

Engagement with civil society and community based organizations

Engagement with young people

Protection and promotion of human rights

Gender equality

Supportive legislative and law enforcement environment


Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS, or UNAIDS, is the main advocate for accelerated, comprehensive and coordinated global action on the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The mission of UNAIDS is to lead, strengthen and support an expanded response to HIV and AIDS that includes preventing transmission of HIV, providing care and support to those already living with the virus, reducing the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV and alleviating the impact of the epidemic. UNAIDS seeks to prevent the HIV/AIDS epidemic from becoming a severe pandemic.

UNAIDS Strategy

Fast-Track - Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030

Get on the Fast-Track: the life-cycle approach to HIV


Closing the gap on HIV and AIDS

On 1 December 2014, UNODC commemorated World AIDS Day by remembering those affected by HIV in the last three decades and by renewing our pledges to end AIDS. Although we have made great strides in the last thirty years and the figures constantly improve - less people are dying and getting infected, and those infected have greater access to antiretroviral therapy than ever - some people have been left behind. A gap in the response has affected key populations, such as people who inject drugs and people in prisons.

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Prison Inmates Living with HIV in India: Case Studies from Prisons in Maharashtra - Sayantani Guin
Call Number: 343.811:616.98:578.828HIV(540) [9796]
ISBN: 9783319155654
Publication Date: 2015-04-23
This Brief presents preliminary findings from research in three prisons in Maharashtra, India on experiences of prison inmates there living with HIV. The study explores health care services in these prisons, and problems experienced by inmates in India living with HIV, as well as their staff and caregivers. Through this preliminary study, the researchers shed light on the experiences of inmates in Indian prisons, with an aim of presenting questions for future research. Results of the study reveal that overcrowding and inadequate nutrition were major concerns for inmates living with HIV; there were no support systems available inside the prisons to address the stress related issues of the inmates; and, the prison hospital did not have provisions to cater to the treatment needs of inmates living with AIDS. The study also found that confidentiality regarding the HIV positive status could not be maintained inside the prison.

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Living with Hiv and Dying with Aids - Lesley Doyal  Icon
ISBN: 9781409431114
Publication Date: 2013-05-23
Doyal brings together findings from a wide range of empirical studies spanning the social sciences to explore experiences of HIV positive people across the world. This will illustrate how the disease is physically manifested and psychologically internalised by individuals in diverse ways depending on the biological, social, cultural and economic circumstances in which they find themselves. A proper understanding of these commonalities and differences will be essential if future strategies are to be effective in mitigating the effects of HIV and AIDS.

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Investing in Communities Achieves Results - Rene Bonnel; Rosalìa Rodriguez-Garcìa; Ndella Njie; David Wilson  Icon
ISBN: 9780821397411
Publication Date: 2013-01-22
Investing in Communities Achieves Results fills an important gap in the global knowledge on community level results and resources related to HIV and AIDS. While communities, in spite of their limited resources, have played a key role in the HIV/AIDS response, their contributions and innovative approaches to prevention, treatment, care, and support have not always been the focus of systematic and rigorous evaluations. To address this deficit, a series of studies-including evaluations in Burkina Faso, India, Kenya,Lesotho, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Zimbabwe-were undertaken over a three-year period (early 2009 to early 2012), helping to build a robust pool of evidence on the effects of community-based activities and programs.

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The Global HIV Epidemics among People Who Inject Drugs - Arin Dutta; Andrea Wirtz; Anderson Stanciole; Iris Semini; Robert Oelrichs; Farley Cleghorn; World Bank Staff  Icon
ISBN: 9780821397763
Publication Date: 2012-12-11
People who inject drugs (PWID) are at higher risk for acquiring HIV infection than the general population in many countries. Injecting drug use is present in 148 countries including a wide array of low and middle income countries where HIV incidence is growing in recent years - even as it declines elsewhere. This study was undertaken as the third of a series of three economic analyses examining the global epidemics of HIV/AIDS in vulnerable populations. Informed by a critical review of epidemiological evidence and the most recent analyses of intervention efficacy, this work modeled the costs and impact of addressing the needs of PWID at scale in various epidemic contexts. ... The study presents compelling evidence for the most cost-effective approaches to minimizing the transmission and impacts of HIV in this key population. This evidence may guide both operational design and policy dialogue in World Bank operations.

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Female Prisoners, AIDS, and Peer Programs - Kimberly Collica
Call Number: 343.811:305 [8997]
ISBN: 9781461451099
Publication Date: 2012-09-25
This book highlights a neglected area in the field of rehabilitation offemale offenders with AIDS; It provides data to show how women, working as HIV peer educators in prison, utilize their peer experiences as a transition point for rehabilitation both inside and outside of the penitentiary. HIV and prison are inextricably linked and education has proved to be the one constant that mitigates the spread of both HIV and crime. Research on female inmates in general is not frequent and this book presents unique qualitative data that includes rich accounts from the women themselves.

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Drug Injecting and HIV Infection - Andrew Ball (Editor); Don C. Des Jarlais (Editor); Gerry V. Stimson (Editor)
Call Number: 616.98:578.828 D784
ISBN: 1857288246
Publication Date: 1998-08-01
Drug Injecting and HIV Infection is a comparative international study of drug injecting behaviour and HIV infection based on the World Health Organization's study of 13 cities as disparate as Athens, Bangkok, Glasgow and Rio de Janeiro. Using a standardized methodology for the collection of data, as well as central data management and analysis, this study represents the largest international project of its kind. It presents a comprehensive overview of what is currently known about drug injecting, HIV infection, epidemic dynamics and possibilities for prevention. Stressing the importance of linking research to intervention and policy, the contributors emphasize the need to place HIV and policy issues on the international agenda. Written by experts in the field, this global study offers an in-depth and definitive analysis of the subject.


  • AIDS and Behavior  Icon
    AIDS and Behavior provides an international venue for the scientific exchange of research and scholarly work on the contributing factors, prevention, consequences, social impact, and response to HIV/AIDS.
  • AIDS Education and Prevention  Icon
    Presenting state-of-the-art research and information, AIDS Education and Prevention is a vital addition to the library collections of medical schools, hospitals, and other institutions and organizations with HIV/AIDS research programs.
  • American Journal of Public Health  Icon
    The American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) is dedicated to the publication of original work in research, research methods, and program evaluation in the field of public health. The mission of the journal is to advance public health research, policy, practice, and education.
  • Health Education  Icon
    Health Education is a leading journal which reflects the best of modern thinking about health education. It offers stimulating and incisive coverage of current debates, concerns, interventions, and initiatives, and provides a wealth of evidence, research, information, and ideas to inform and inspire those in both the theory and practice of health education.
  • Journal of the International AIDS Society  Icon
    The Journal of the International AIDS Society (JIAS) is an online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal for essential and innovative HIV research conducted in the settings most impacted by the epidemic.
  • Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment  Icon
    The Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment (JSAT) features original research, systematic reviews and reports on meta-analyses and, with editorial approval, special articles on the assessment and treatment of substance use and addictive disorders, including alcohol, illicit and prescription drugs, and nicotine.

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