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United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Firearms

Organized crime manifests itself in many forms and activities, ranging from traditional types of criminal organizations, to trans-national criminal networks, with elastic structures and the ability to move quickly, transform and be controlled from multiple locations. The illicit trafficking and misuse of firearms is intrinsically linked to these criminal organizations and networks: as facilitators of violent crimes, as tools to perpetrate power, and as lucrative trafficking commodities, that fuels armed conflicts, crime and insecurity. Oftentimes, different forms of criminality are intertwined, such as human, firearms and drugs trafficking.

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Global Firearms Programme

Through the Global Project of Firearms (GPF) the UNODC is assisting governments to address the issue of illegal firearms manufacturing and trafficking and firearms-related criminality through a holistic and multipronged approach, including:

- Legislative development and legal tools
- Capacity building and development of training tools
- Research and analysis on firearms trafficking
- Awareness-raising for members of parliament and civil society organizations
- Development of adequate awareness and crime prevention strategies to strengthen firearms control 

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Global Firearms Study

The UNODC Study on Firearms Trafficking is based on official information on seizures, collected and provided by States themselves. It is the missing and essential tool to understanding the dynamics of arms flows.

Firearms Trafficking Toolkit  (also in French and Spanish)




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Every Body Counts - Geneva Declaration Geneva Declaration Secretariat
Call Number: 323.285‑026.87 G563
ISBN: 9781107069930
Publication Date: 2015-04-16
The 2015 edition of the Global Burden of Armed Violence provides a wealth of data relevant to security and the post-2015 sustainable development framework. It estimates that 508,000 people died violently - in both conflict and non-conflict settings - every year in 2007–12, down from 526,000 in 2004–09. This trend is visible in non-conflict settings, where the proportion of women and girls is also slightly reduced, from 17 to 16 per cent. Yet, the number of direct conflict deaths is on the rise: from 55,000 to 70,000 per year over the same periods. Firearms are used in close to half of all homicides committed and in almost one-third of direct conflict deaths. Nearly USD 2 trillion in global homicide-related economic losses could have been saved if the homicide rate in 2000–10 had been reduced to the lowest practically attainable levels - between 2 and 3 deaths per 100,000 population.

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Gun Crime in Global Contexts - Peter Squires
ISBN: 9781138937390
Publication Date: 2015-06-27
Every year around three-quarters of a million people die (directly or indirectly) as a result of gun violence, with most deaths occurring in the poorest, yet also most highly weaponized parts of the world. Firearm proliferation -- 875 million global firearms -- is a direct contributor to both regional conflicts and to crime. This book attempts to understand the inter-related dynamics of supply and demand which are weaponizing the world. Now over ten years after Peter Squires's Gun Culture or Gun Control?, the issues pertaining to gun violence and gun control have developed dramatically. With Gun Crime in Global Contexts, Peter Squires offers a cutting-edge account of contemporary developments in the politics of gun crime and the social and theoretical issues that surround the problem.

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Small Arms Survey 2014 - Keith Krause (Editor); Small Arms Survey Geneva Staff (Editor)
Call Number: 343.7 E44 [8240]
ISBN: 9781107661776
Publication Date: 2014-07-03
The Small Arms Survey 2014 considers the multiple roles of women in the context of armed violence, security, and the small arms agenda. The volume's thematic section comprises one chapter on violence against women and girls - with a focus on post-conflict Liberia and Nepal - and another on the recent convergence of the small arms agenda with that of women, peace and security. Complementing these chapters are illustrated testimonies of women with experience as soldiers, rebels and security personnel. The 'weapons and markets' section assesses the potential impact of the Arms Trade Treaty, presents the 2014 Transparency Barometer and an update on the authorised small arms trade, and analyses recent ammunition explosions in the Republic of the Congo. Additionally, it examines ammunition circulating in Africa and the Middle East, maps the sources of insurgent weapons in Sudan and South Sudan, and evaluates crime gun records in the United States.

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Forensic Ballistics in Court: Interpretation and Presentation of Firearms Evidence - Brian J. Heard  Icon
ISBN: 9781118504994
Publication Date: 2013-03-11
e-book. Forensic Ballistics in Court: Interpretation and Presentation of Firearms Evidence is an accessible introduction to firearms and ballistics evidence and how this is analysed and presented as evidence in a court of law. The book approaches the subject in terms of the realities of case work, opening with a clear and illustrated explanation of the correct nomenclature for various weapon types and their parts. Ammunition is also extensively covered, again with annotated illustrations. Basic external and terminal ballistics, wounding capabilities are likewise covered to give an overview of the subject. A key aspect of the book covers the theory and philosophy behind striation matches and the associated statistics, how positive matches should be peer reviewed and the importance accreditation has on this subject. Gunshot residue formation and identification and the various methods used in its analysis are reviewed in depth. This includes a critical examination of the pros and cons of each type of examination and the evidential weight which can be applied to each method. Accessible and reader-friendly introduction to firearms and ballistics. Clarifies the limitations of firearms evidence. Extensive use of global case-studies throughout. Focus on the interpretation and assessment of the weight of firearms/ballistics evidence presented at court. Covers the importance of witness and accused statements and their interpretation in relation to the investigation under review. Includes coverage of gunshot residue collection, examination and interpretation and the potential for contamination of GSR samples. Includes numerous real life case studies that the author has dealt with over the past 45 years. Takes an applied approach to the subject.

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Governing Guns, Preventing Plunder - Asif Efrat
ISBN: 9780199760305
Publication Date: 2012-07-19
From human trafficking to smuggling small arms to looting antiquities, illicit trade poses significant threats to international order. So why is it difficult to establish international cooperation against illicit trade? Governing Guns, Preventing Plunder offers a novel, thought-provokinganswer to this crucial question. Conventional wisdom holds that it is criminal groups that obstruct efforts to suppress illicit trade. In contrast, Asif Efrat explains how legitimate actors, such as museums that acquire looted antiquities, seek to hinder these regulatory efforts. Yet, such attempts to evade regulation fuelinternational political conflicts between governments that demand action against illicit trade and others that are reluctant to cooperate. The book offers a framework for understanding the domestic origins of these conflicts and how the distribution of power shapes their outcome. Through this framework, Efrat explains why the interests of governments vary across countries, trades, and time. In a fascinating empirical analysis, hesolves a variety of puzzles: Why is the international regulation of small arms much weaker than international drug control? What led the United States and Britain to oppose the efforts against plunder of antiquities and why did they ultimately join these efforts? How did American pressure motivateIsrael to tackle sex trafficking? Efrat's findings will change the way we think about illicit trade, offering valuable insights for scholars, activists, and policymakers.

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Small Arms, Crime and Conflict - Owen Greene (Editor); Nicholas Marsh (Editor)  Icon
ISBN: 9780415567008
Publication Date: 2011-10-13
This e-book focuses on the use of small arms in violence and attempts by the state to govern the use and acquisition of these weapons. It is likely that hundreds of thousands of people are killed every year as a result of armed violence - in contexts ranging from war zones to domestic violence. This edited volume examines why these deaths occur, the role of guns and other weapons, and how governance can be used to reduce and prevent those deaths.

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Jane's Guns Recognition Guide - Richard D. Jones; Andrew White
Call Number: 343.352 P74 [14-G024]
ISBN: 9780061374081
Publication Date: 2008-05-27
The most comprehensive, authoritative guide to identifying firearms includes: Pistols, revolvers, submachine guns, machine guns, bolt-action and automatic rifles, and shotguns Technical specifications Manufacturers and brand names index Firearm safety information More than 400 photographs


  • Crime, Law and Social Change  Icon
    Crime, Law and Social Change is a peer reviewed journal. It publishes essays and reviews on topics such as financial crime, political corruption, and environmental crime.
  • Forensic Science International  Icon
    An international journal dedicated to the applications of medicine and science in the administration of justice.
  • Journal of Forensic Sciences  Icon
    This peer-reviewed journal from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) provides the latest information on the many disciplines represented in forensic sciences.
  • Journal of Money Laundering Control  Icon
    The Journal of Money Laundering Control is a quarterly, peer reviewed journal that covers multiple topics including organised crime and terrorist organisations, laundering with virtual money, and cost benefit analysis of proceeds of crime laws.
  • Forum on Crime and Society  
    Forum on Crime and Society is a United Nations sales publication issued by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, based in Vienna. It is published twice yearly in the six official languages of the United Nations: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

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