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Alternative Development  

Last Updated: Feb 22, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts
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United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on Alternative Development

Over the last 25 years, UNODC has played a leading role in assisting Member States to develop and implement drug control policies, including policies of alternative development. Alternative development continues to be the principal method used by Member States and UNODC to address illicit drug crop cultivation.

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Working Groups

The “Open-ended intergovernmental expert working group on international cooperation on the eradication of illicit drug crops and on alternative development” was one of the five working groups that were organised as part of the UNGASS review process. The working groups prepared for the high-level segment of the 52nd session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs in March 2009. The EU experts present at the meeting drafted a new text with the key points to be included in the conclusion of the working group, complementing the existing EU position on alternative development.


Legal Library on Drug Control

The UNODC online Legal Library on Drug Control is a legislative database that provides access to various laws and regulations on drug control, as adopted by States and territories in order to implement the three international drug control conventions.This tool offers a valuable source of information for legislative drafters, policymakers, researchers and students on drug control legislation. The library contains legislation from over 180 States and territories dating back to 1948. It is regularly updated with new and revised legislation based on information from relevant national authorities or publicly available.



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Suppressing Illicit Opium Production in Asia and the Middle East - James Windle
Call Number: 663.991(5) W563
ISBN: 9781784535810
Publication Date: 2016-03-30
Conventional analysis of the illicit opium market suggests that source country interventions have at best achieved minimal results. Yet there are countries that have eliminated, or significantly reduced, the illicit production of opium from their territory. Drawing on a wide range of academic, official and non-governmental sources, including previously unidentified records, James Windle provides detailed narratives of countries that have achieved national success, including China, Iran, Turkey, the People's Republic of China, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Thailand, Pakistan, Vietnam and Laos, and identifies key factors necessary for successful intervention.

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Evaluation of World Bank Programs in Afghanistan 2002-11 - The World Bank  Icon
ISBN: 9780821398722
Publication Date: 2013-09-09
This report evaluates the outcomes of World Bank Group support to Afghanistan from 2002-11. Despite extremely difficult security conditions, which deteriorated markedly after 2006, the World Bank Group has commendably established and sustained a large program of support to the country. The key messages of the evaluation are:* While World Bank Group strategy has been highly relevant to Afghanistan''s situation,beginning in 2006 the strategies could have gone further in adapting ongoingprograms to evolving opportunities and needs, and in programming activities sufficientto achieve the objectives of the pillars in those strategies. Chapter 4 examines the issue of promoting growth in the rural economy and improving rural livelihoods, including sectors such as rural roads, agriculture and water. The National Solidarity Program and the Bank Group?s contribution to it are discussed. Risks to development outcomes are noted.

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Cruel Harvest - Julien Mercille  Icon
ISBN: 9780745332338
Publication Date: 2012-12-09
Cruel Harvest lifts the lid on the reality of Afghanistan's skyrocketing drug trade and the role played by the US military. Conventional accounts blame the Taliban for the expansion of drug production.However, in Cruel Harvest Julien Mercille shows that the US in fact shares responsibility by supporting drug lords, refusing to adopt effective drug control policies and failing to crack down on drug money laundered through Western banks.

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Innocent Bystanders - Philip Keefer (Editor); Norman Loayza (Editor)
Call Number: 343.575 I561 and 343.575 I562
ISBN: 9780821380345
Publication Date: 2010-03-24
TThe drug policies of wealthy consuming countries emphasize criminalization, interdiction, and eradication. Such extreme responses to social challenges risk unintended, costly consequences. The evidence presented in this volume is that these consequences are high in the case of current drug policies, particularly for poor transit and producer countries. These costs include the deaths of thousands in the conflict between drug cartels and security forces, political instability, and the infiltration of criminal elements into governments, on the one hand; and increased narcotics use in countries that would not otherwise have been targeted by drug suppliers. Despite such costs, extreme policies could be worthwhile if their benefits were significantly higher than those of more moderate, less costly policies. The authors review the evidence on the benefits of current policies and find that they are clouded in uncertainty: eradication appears to have no permanent effect on supply; the evidence on criminalization does not exclude either the possibility that its effects on drug consumption are low, or that they are high.

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International Drug Control into the 21st Century - Hamid Ghodse
Call Number: 343.575 G46 [08-G048]
ISBN: 9780754672159
Publication Date: 2008-07-28
Providing a comprehensive analysis of drug misuse, dependence and the ways in which different parts of the world have responded to these problems, this volume examines aspects of the contemporary drug problem, the related debate and the way in which society is responding to it.


  • Crime, Law and Social Change  Icon
    Crime, Law and Social Change is a peer reviewed journal that publishes essays and reviews addressing the political economy of organized crime whether at the transnational, national, regional or local levels anywhere in the world. In addition, the Journal presents work on financial crime, political corruption, environmental crime, and the expropriation of resources from developing nations.
  • International Journal of Development Issues  Icon
    The International Journal of Development Issues (IJDI) publishes scholarly research on important development issues, with a particular focus on development dynamism and a leaning towards inter-disciplinary research.
  • Journal of Drug Issues  Icon
    Journal of Drug Issues (JDI), published quarterly, has been dedicated since its inception to providing a professional and scholarly forum centered on the national and international problems associated with drugs, especially illicit drugs.
  • Journal of Global Drug Policy and Practice  Icon
    The Journal of Global Drug Policy and Practice, a joint effort of the Institute on Global Drug Policy and the International Scientific and Medical Forum on Drug Abuse, is an international, open access, peer-reviewed, online journal with the goal of bridging the information gap on drug policy issues between the medical/scientific community, policymakers and the concerned lay public.

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