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Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice  

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United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

UNODC seeks to strengthen the rule of law through the prevention of crime and the promotion of fair, humane and accountable criminal justice systems. To do this, UNODC provides Member States with expertise and advice to develop effective and responsible crime prevention strategies and policies and to build the capacity of their criminal justice systems to operate more effectively within the framework of the rule of law, while promoting human rights and protecting vulnerable groups.

The focus of the work covers the following areas:

Learn more about the UNODC's work in this area

 

Key Documents

The work of UNODC in crime prevention and criminal justice reform is guided by the United Nations Standards and Norms on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.

THEMATIC PROGRAMME: Crime prevention and criminal justice reform, 2012-2015

Report of the Thirteenth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, 2015 (including the Doha Declaration)

Resolutions adopted by the General Assembly

A/RES/69/194,United Nations Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Children in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice,  see  عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español

A/RES/69/195, Rule of law, crime prevention and criminal justice in the United Nations development agenda beyond 2015, see عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español

A/RES/69/197, Strengthening the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme, in particular its technical cooperation capacity, see عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español

A/RES/67/187, United Nations Principles and Guidelines on Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems, see  عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español

A/RES/65/228, Strengthening crime prevention and criminal justice responses to violence against women,  see   عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español

A/RES/65/229, United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules), see  عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español

Resolutions endorsed by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

ECOSOC Resolution 2006/23, The Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct :  English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Russian, Chinese

 

Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ)

The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) was established by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) resolution 1992/1, upon request of General Assembly (GA) resolution 46/152 (see عربي   中文  English   Français  Русский   Español) as one of its functional commissions. The Commission acts as the principal policymaking body of the United Nations in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice. ECOSOC provided for the CCPCJ's mandates and priorities in resolution 1992/22, which include improving international action to combat national and transnational crime and the efficiency and fairness of criminal justice administration systems.

United Nations Campaign

UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict (UN Action) unites the work of 13 UN entities with the goal of ending sexual violence in conflict. It is a concerted effort by the UN system to improve coordination and accountability, amplify programming and advocacy, and support national efforts to prevent sexual violence and respond effectively to the needs of survivors. 

 

Books

Cover Art
Killing the Competition - Martin Daly
Call Number: 343.61 D359 [16-12-2300057368]
ISBN: 9781412863360
Publication Date: 2016-07-21
Criminologists have known for decades that income inequality is the best predictor of the local homicide rate, but why this is so has eluded them. There is a simple, compelling answer: most homicides are the d#65533;nouements of competitive interactions between men. Relatively speaking, where desired goods are distributed inequitably and competition for those goods is severe, dangerous tactics of competition are appealing and a high homicide rate is just one of many unfortunate consequences. Killing the Competition is about this relationship between economic inequality and lethal interpersonal violence. Suggesting that economic inequality is a cause of social problems and violence elicits fierce opposition from inequality's beneficiaries. Three main arguments have been presented by those who would acquit inequality of the charges against it: that "absolute" poverty is the real problem and inequality is just an incidental correlate; that "primitive" egalitarian societies have surprisingly high homicide rates, and that inequality and homicide rates do not change in synchrony and are therefore mutually irrelevant. With detailed but accessible data analyses and thorough reviews of relevant research, Martin Daly dispels all three arguments. Killing the Competition applies basic principles of behavioral biology to explain why killers are usually men, not women, and counters the view that attitudes and values prevailing in "cultures of violence" make change impossible.

Cover Art
Positive Criminology - Natti Ronel (Editor); Dana Segev (Editor)
Call Number: 343.9 P67 [9917]
ISBN: 9780415748568
Publication Date: 2015-02-02
How can we best help offenders desist from crime, as well as help victims heal? This book engages with this question by offering its readers a comprehensive review of positive criminology in theory, research and practice. Positive criminology is a concept – a perspective – that places emphasis on forces of integration and social inclusion that are experienced positively by target individual and groups, and may contribute to a reduction in negative emotions, desistance from crime and overcoming the traumatic experience of victimization. In essence, positive criminology holds a more holistic view, which acknowledges that thriving and disengagement from distress, addiction, mental illness, crime, deviance or victimization might be fostered more effectively by enhancing positive emotions and experiences, rather than focusing on reducing negative attributes.

Cover Art
Basics of Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology - Michael G. Maxfield
Call Number: 343.9 M39 [9843]
ISBN: 9781305261105
Publication Date: 2015-01-29
This book discusses the core of criminal justice research. It utilizes the most current, real data and features coverage of such key topics as ethics, causation, validity, field research, and research design, among others. The Fourth Edition includes expanded coverage of qualitative research and interviewing, focus groups in criminological research, and snowball sampling, as well as additional examples of student research.

Cover Art
Prisons in the Americas in the Twenty-First Century: human dumping ground - Jonathan D. Rosen (Editor, Contribution by); Khatchik DerGhougassian (Contribution by); Brian Fonseca (Contribution by); Jean-Claude Garcia-Zamor; Pamela Pamelá (Contribution by); W. Andy Knight (Contribution by); Susan Elizabeth Phillips (Contribution b
Call Number: 343.812(7+8) P75 [9876]
ISBN: 9780739191354
Publication Date: 2015-04-09
This volume on penitentiary systems in the Americas offers a long-overdue look at the prisons that exist at the forefront of the ongoing struggle against drugs and violence throughout North, Central, and South America and the Caribbean. From Haiti to Bolivia, the authors examine the conditions in these systems, and allow several common themes to emerge, including the alarming prevalence of lengthy pre-trial detention and the often abysmal living conditions in these institutions. Taken together, this comprises the first comparative overview of the use and abuse of prisons in the Americas.

Cover Art
Future Crimes - Marc Goodman
Call Number: 343.9.024:004.738 [9191]
ISBN: 9780385539005
Publication Date: 2015-02-24
NEW YORK TIMES and WALL STREET JOURNAL BESTSELLER One of the world's leading authorities on global security, Marc Goodman takes readers deep into the digital underground to expose the alarming ways criminals, corporations, and even countries are using new and emerging technologies against you--and how this makes everyone more vulnerable than ever imagined. Technological advances have benefited our world in immeasurable ways, but there is an ominous flip side: our technology can be turned against us.

Cover Art
Applied Crime Analysis: A Social Science Approach to Understanding Crime, Criminals, and Victims - Wayne Petherick
Call Number: 343.97 P48 [9842]
ISBN: 9780323294607
Publication Date: 2014-06-18
Most approaches to crime analysis focus on geographical crime mapping, which is helpful in identifying crime clusters and allocating police resources, but does not explain why a particular crime took place. Applied Crime Analysis presents a model that brings statistical anchoring, behavioral psychopathology, and victimology from the social sciences together with physical and crime scene evidence to provide a complete picture of crime. This hands-on guide takes theoretical principles and demonstrates how they can be put into practice using real case examples. In addition to covering key topics such as staged crime scenes, false reports, and criminal motivations, the book's includes a final chapter on report writing, showing readers how to use their findings to successfully advance to prosecution and succeed in court.

Cover Art
World Criminal Justice Systems - Richard J. Terrill
ISBN: 9781455725892
Publication Date: 2012-10-19
This comparative text provides an understanding of major world criminal justice systems by discussing and comparing the systems of six of the world's countries: England, France, Russia, China, Japan, and a new chapter on South Africa--each representative of a different type of legal system. An additional chapter on Islamic law uses Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkey as main examples. Political, historical, organizational, procedural, and critical issues confronting the justice systems are explained and analyzed. Each chapter contains material on government, police, judiciary, law, corrections, juvenile justice, and other critical issues.

Journals

  • The British Journal of Criminology  Icon
    BJC is a valuable resource for academics and researchers in crime, whether they be from criminology, sociology, anthropology, psychology, law, economics, politics or social work, and for professionals concerned with crime, law, criminal justice, politics, and penology.
  • Crime, Law and Social Change  Icon
    Crime, Law and Social Change is a peer reviewed journal. It publishes essays and reviews on topics such as financial crime, political corruption, and environmental crime.
  • Criminology  Icon
    Criminology is devoted to crime and deviant behavior. Disciplines covered in Criminology include: sociology, psychology, design, systems analysis, decision theory. Major emphasis is placed on empirical research and scientific methodology. Criminology's content also includes articles which review the literature or deal with theoretical issues stated in the literature as well as suggestions for the types of investigation which might be carried out in the future.
  • European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law, and Criminal Justice  Icon
    This journal is meant to be a European forum for the public academic debate on these issues that not only bridges the gap between the European institutions and the Member States, but that is also open for a non-European view on European developments in those fields.
  • Journal of Quantitative Criminology  Icon
    The Journal of Quantitative Criminology publishes papers that apply quantitative techniques to substantive, methodological, or evaluative concerns relevant to the criminological community. The contents span a broad range of disciplines, drawing on research advances in statistics, sociology, geography, political science, economics, and engineering.
 

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The online public access catalogue (OPAC) provides information on the materials available. The library catalogue gives you easy access to the books, journals, articles and other items available at the UN Vienna library.

 

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Disclaimer

This guide is intended to provide delegates and UN Secretariat Staff with selected content from both UN and non-UN sources on the topic. It references third-party web sites, books and articles. It does not imply the endorsement of the content by the United Nations.

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